Hajigak is a world class iron ore deposit located in the remote Afghan mountains in Bamiyan, in the midst of the Bamiyan Buddhas and other archaeological treasures of global significance. Development of the Hajigak deposit and others like it are a key plank in Afghanistan´s economic development strategy.
We were commissioned to conduct a social impact assessment of the proposed development, with our objective to enable the government to plan a social impact mitigation strategy for affected communities through nuanced analysis of social and economic issues related to the development of Hajigak.
The assignment comprised:
– A desk review
– A quantitative household survey
– Village profiles of 11 villages in close proximity to Hajigak;
– Semi-structured interviews with local, national and international stakeholders.
Our analysis included an assessment of the living conditions of the people living in the midst of the deposit, their priorities for mining development, and how they might be both positively and negatively affected by it. A matrix of risk factors and approaches to mitigation provided a framework for approaching the myriad considerations needed to move the development of the deposit forward, from environmental services to resettlement and communication with local populations.